Rice, Steamed or fried
Noodles, Boiled or fried
Baozi, Stuffed steamed bun
Mantou, Steamed bun, not stuffed
Mitten Crab, Southeastern China

By region: Beijing: Peking Duck
Fujian: fotiaoqiang, Oyster omlette
Guangdong: Dim sum, wonton, Char siu
Hong Kong: Egg tart, dim sum, won ton, char siu, pineapple bun, beef noodle soup
Hunan: Sweet & Sour chicken
Macau: Galinha A Portuguesa, baked pork chop bun
Shanghai: Shanghai hairy crab, Xiaolongbao
Sichuan: Szechuan hotpot, Kung Pao chicken
Taaiwan: Suncake, Stinky tofu
Yunnan: Boluo fan

PEKING DUCK Courtesy - Shun Lee Palace
Yield: 4 servings 
4 1/2 to 5 pound Peking duck, head intact with cavity hole as small as possible 
6 cups water 
1 teaspoon honey 
4 tablespoons rice wine 
2 tablespoons white vinegar 
5 tablespoons cornstarch slurry (mixed with water to a gravy consistency)
Vegetable oil for deep frying 
For the Pancakes:
3 cups all-purpose flour 
1 1/2 cups boiling water 
1 tablespoon cold water 
Sesame oil to taste 
Scallion Brushes and Hoisin Sauce as accompaniments, if desired

Remove wing tips and feet from duck. Neck skin should be intact with only a tiny hole
made about 2 inches above the base of the neck.
Remove cavity fat and discard.

Rinse the duck and massage the entire body by rubbing the skin back and forth, loosening
it from the meat. Make sure skin is not punctured. Insert a bicycle pump hose into the
neck hole. Keep cavity closed as you pump air into the duck inflating it until the skin is
taut, rubbing and rolling the skin as it is being inflated to distribute air evenly. Insert a
meat hook through the neck bone and hang to dry, in a cool place, for 1 hour. 

In a wok combine the boiling water, honey, rice wine, white vinegar, and cornstarch
slurry, and stir until lightly thickened. Hold the duck by the hook and dip it in and out of
the boiling water, turning it from side to side, while ladling water over the skin. Do this
until the skin is well coated, about 1 minute. Then hang duck up to dry for at least 12
hours or overnight in a draft near a window or other breezy place, spreading paper on
floor to catch drippings. If no cool area is available, hang duck from back of a chair and
blow a fan on it for several hours. (Alternatively, set duck, unwrapped, on a rack with a
pan underneath to catch drippings. Refrigerate, turning occasionally.) 

If your oven is large and tall, remove all racks except the top one. Preheat the oven to
425 degrees. Cover a large pan with aluminum foil to reflect heat and to catch drippings
and place the pan in the bottom of the oven. Hook the duck vertically over the top rack 
in the center of the oven over the drip pan. Roast for 15 minutes. Reduce heat to 350 and
roast for 1 1/4 hours.

Alternatively, use a vertical roasting rack set in a roasting pan and roast as above. Or
place the duck on a rack over the roasting pan in the middle of the oven and roast at 425
degrees for 15 minutes. Turn breast side down and roast another 15 minutes. Turn again,
reduce heat to 350 and roast for 3/4 hour.

For the pancakes: Mix the flour with the boiling water until combined, and add 1 
tablespoon cold water to mixture. Knead the dough for 4 minutes, or until soft and
smooth. Let it rest for 30 minutes, covered with a bowl.

Divide the dough into 2 equal portions and knead it until smooth. Roll one portion into a
16-inch log and divide it into 16 pieces. Repeat with the remaining dough. Take each piece
and stand it upright on the heel of your hand, round off the dough and then flatten it
with your other hand into a circle 2 to 2 1/2 inches in diameter. Paint surface of half of
the pieces with pastry brush dipped in sesame oil; place remaining pieces on the oiled
pieces, making 16 pairs. Using a rolling pin roll the pairs into thin pancakes about 6 to 6
1/4 inches in diameter, rotating circles frequently to insure even thickness.

Heat an unoiled frying pan until hot. Add 1 pair of cakes and fry 1 minute or until light
brown spots appear underneath. Lift up the edges to check for spots. Turn them over
and allow them to puff up, indicating they are done. Separate each pair into 2 pancakes.
Repeat with remaining pancakes. Transfer the pancakes to a steamer and steam them for
5 to 10 minutes.

To finish the duck: Put the duck in a wok with 4 to 6-inches of oil, heated to 375
degrees.. Ladle the oil over duck. Cook the duck in this fashion for 2 1/2 minutes
per side to crisp the skin.

Put the duck on a cutting board. Disjoint the wings and drumsticks and place them apart
at either end of serving platter, outlining the form of a whole duck. With a razor sharp
knife carve the skin on the duck with a very thin layer of meat, trying to make slices as
large as possible. Transfer them to the platter. Remove all the meat from the carcass
and cut it into strips about  1 - 2 inches long. Arrange the meat strips in center of
platter and then cut the strips of skin crosswise into comparable pieces. Lay these over
To eat: put a pancake on a plate, smear on some Hoisin sauce (with scallion brush) and
top with 1 or 2 pieces of skin, either on their own or with meat as well. Add a scallion
brush and roll up the pancake.

Please report any bad links..Thanks, Buzz


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